A pleasant older woman comes from the behind the building to greet me upon hearing the call of her name. She is stationed on the benches of the National Art Gallery’s back porch overlooking the Sculpture Garden – just above the newly opened amphitheatre named Fiona’s Theatre – that opens to Hospital Lane.
Sporting a cool summer dress in the middle of Bahamian fall, she says she was “soaking up the sun and catching up on messages” while waiting for my arrival.
She is Sasha Dees, a Dutch independent curator, festival and theatre producer and arts writer, currently doing research across the Caribbean.
“The research that I’m doing is actually not a part of anything. It’s really just in my field of interest. In Holland, there’s a mid-career grant – from the governmental visual art fund – that’s created for artists but also people working within the arts, like curators, writers and so on, to take some time off to do something they always wanted to do, but never found the time or had the money to do.
“Often it was more museum workers giving themselves a chance to take a sabbatical, maybe to write a book or do more research on a subject that’s within the museum. It’s very rare for people like me to get the grant because I’ve always worked independently but when I thought again, I figured – ‘There still might be a possibility.’”
Dees was awarded a Mondriaan Fonds grant to do research across the Caribbean on the sustainability of art practices and the influence of international funding, projects and markets and its contribution (or lack thereof) to the sustainability of Caribbean artists.
The grant does not require Dees to make a presentation of her findings after traveling for 14 months, but she thought it would be nonsensical to travel in order to do research and not record anything at all. Thus, she contributes weekly to an online Dutch magazine called Trendbeheer and monthly to an English E-zine called Africanah, edited by Rob Perree. She is also fortunate enough to have landed a book deal, for which she will continue to refine her findings.
The grant, however, does give her a monthly stipend so that she may maintain herself, and, in moving across the Caribbean, she has been successful in finding hosts to stay with, oftentimes museum directors, curators and/or staff of these formal and informal art spaces.
Of her true purpose in wanting to do this type of research based in the Caribbean, she says: “I think the most obvious connection is the colonial history between the Caribbean and where I’m from, The Netherlands. I come from a family history that was involved in the colonization of Caribbean people. I also come from a generation that was a part of the first and second wave of immigrants from the old colonies to the Netherlands. So, there are contradictory stories between the stories of the Caribbean people and the things my family have told me, and that sparked my curiosity. So, I thought: ‘Maybe I should travel and have my own ideas and form my own opinions.’”
So far, Dees has travelled to 13 countries within the region. In total, she is set to see another three — all together 16 — to gather her research. When she left earlier this week, she went on a second trip to Barbados and Trinidad, then on to the Francophone departments of Martinique and Guadeloupe. Amazingly, she’s found that there are more artists living off their art than meets the eye. Though they may not always make direct sales from their actual pieces or bodies of work, she finds most artists still make a comfortable living working within the field as curators, writers, directors, educators and so on.
When comparing and contrasting America and the United Kingdom to the Caribbean, Sasha says Caribbean arts and artists “don’t do badly at all”, considering the difference in population and amount of people actually working within the arts.
She finds the difficulty lies within the infrastructure of programming for the arts, specifically on much smaller islands. For instance, where large countries like the U.S. would have the accessibility to funding and other elements like programs in formal institutions like Bachelor degrees in Fine Arts, smaller Caribbean countries would find it difficult to establish because the population and interest is too small, and this in turn causes countries to lose artists.
Alongside this difficulty, others are presented, such as museum spaces being limited to only showcasing the heritage and history of a nation’s culture through displays. This causes the art space to miss out on showcasing contemporary art either individually or juxtaposed to more historical pieces that makes space for even wider conversations to be had and newer perspectives to be formulated.
In another light, Sasha finds that most Caribbean islands do facilitate a lot of art initiatives within their communities to keep inspiration alive and show support for the artists. She says these same communities and community leaders, however, must find ways to push the Orange Economy forward on their respective islands.
“I spoke with John Cox from The Current at Baha Mar and I think he’s onto something. It’s trying to find ways where you combine the commercial to be cost effective, and also give space to contemporary artists who do conceptual work or work that is not sellable. It’s very important to have art that starts those necessary conversations, but how do you pay for them?” she poses.
Throughout the entire experience thus far, Sasha says the most valuable lesson she’s learned that can be useful to the sustainability of art practices within the region is in making connections and fostering them.
“I think if you make connections within the region, it would afford you the opportunity to make connections internationally too. I also think it helps with the creative process of the artistry and opens artists up to have a critical discourse about their work in comparison to their counterparts.
“I’d say, though, The Bahamas has a strong sense of community and support system, so it won’t fold when the going gets tough. It’s more so about looking for the opportunities, finding the support, being in spaces – whether physically or virtually – being present, taking in all you can and making the connection.”